Developing Guidelines for Green Routes Under the Local Public Transport Route Plan

The Local Public Transport Route Plan (LPTRP) of the Department of Transportation (DOTr) currently serves as the governing and planning tool of local government units (LGUs) concerning public transportation. Developing the route plan is part of the Public Utility Vehicle Modernization Program (PUVMP) of DOTr which aims to provide safe, efficient, clean, and quality public transportation. The UNDP LCT project, in partnership with DOTr, supports this endeavor through capacity building and policy support.

The LPTRP is instrumental to enabling low-carbon transport, creating a planning and policy environment at local government level, and potentially expanding the market space for entry of low emitting road-based public transport. The same plan has the power to improve public transport and integrate it to land use strategies to make the system more efficient and encourage multimodality.

What is a GREEN ROUTE?

A Green Route is a public transport route satisfying the following:

  1. A public transport route approved through the LPTRP of the LGU both local and provincial
  2. Satisfies the Green Route criteria
  3. A route with specific air pollution and GHG emission targets to be maintained over a specific period
  4. A throughfare for sustainable transport and mobility options, e.g., electric vehicles, bicycles, etc.
The Green Routes will cover primarily road-based public transport for local governments, especially intra-city public transport services depending on the development strategy of the local government unit. The Green Routes will be aligned with the LPTRP.

What to include in the Green Route guidelines:

Metrics and Targets

  • Carbon reduction baseline and targets in public transportation alongside sustainable mobility targets, specifically:
    • Estimated carbon reduction based on proposed routes in the LPTRP
    • Targets on travel time and waiting time, schedules, etc. that would improve service reliability.

Infrastructure strategies

  • This pertains to strategic locations of charging stations, terminals, and parking facilities that facilitate operations along the green route, beginning with the existing infrastructure on the corridor but building on a vision for long-term EV roadmap.
  • Tactical measures to ensure that the green route does not work in isolation and is integrated with the rest of the transportation system.

Operational models

  • Operational measures to make low-carbon public transport viable in the selected route
  • The operational models must ideally capture the viable business models for a successful green route adoption in the city

Investment Strategies

  • The Green Route shall be an enabler to develop investment strategies necessary for successful operations of the route. Investments may include hard assets like vehicles, infrastructure, or systems.

Governance, institutional structure, and partnerships

  • The Green Routes selection criteria and strategic guidelines should also tackle governance strategies for effective implementation working with the strategy indicated in the LPTRP. This might involve incentives for low-carbon transport operations, working with local businesses, monitoring, etc.
  • The Guidelines will provide a policy framework that would cater to the local implementation of the Green Routes, such as zoning, stickers and labeling, travel demand management, etc.
  • The Guidelines would similarly provide the institutional strategies for monitoring effective implementation of the Green Routes.

Preceding Policies, Programs, and Legal Framework

1. PUV Modernization Program

  • Vehicle fleet transformation towards cleaner fuels and alternatives
  • Local Public Transport Route Plans

2. Draft EV Standards and Charging Stations Act (SB 1382 and HB 4391)

  • Identification of “Green Routes” via the LPTRP
  • Establishing Charging Infrastructure requirements (if electrification is a target)

3. Philippine Urban Mobility Program (NEDA, GIZ)

GREEN ROUTE CRITERIA

Economic:

affordable transport, sustainable service (business model), integrated land use and
development

Social:

safe and secure

Environmental:

clean transport (low emissions), supports climate change mitigation (CO2 savings)

Quality of Life:

comfort and convenience, speed, on-time performance (adherence to schedules), reliability

Resilience:

adaptability, inter-modality (links with other modes, routes)

Inclusiveness:

answers to the community’s needs