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On 14 January 2017, the Legislative Decree n. 257 of 16 December 2016 – known as the DAFI (Directive Alternative Fuel Initiative) came into force in Italy. The DAFI implements at the national level the Directive 2014/94/EU, on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure 4 . The main objective of the decree is to reduce the dependence on oil and mitigate the environmental impact in the transport sector.

The DAFI provides that by 31 December 2020, “an adequate number of recharging points” will be made available to the public in Italy. Their number will be determined taking into consideration, among other things, the estimated number of EVs that will be licensed by the end of 2020.

The decree also establishes that when the Italian public authorities’ current fleet of cars, buses and service vehicles, is worn out and needs replacement, the public authorities will be obliged to make sure that at least 25% of the fleet will consist of EVs, hybrid vehicles, CNG (compressed natural gas) and LNG (liquefied natural gas) vehicles.

Furthermore, according to the DAFI, by 31 December 2017, municipalities had to update their building regulations to meet requirements on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. From 1 June 2017, new buildings and those that have been significantly renovated must provide connection points for EV recharging 5 . Currently there are no official data available on compliance with these DAFI building regulations.

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