Promotion of Low Carbon Urban Transport Systems in the Philippines

Thomas M. Orbos
Policy and Regulatory Specialist

II. Methodology

With the onset of COVID-19 pandemic, strict implementation of health protocols is required, such as proper use of personal protective equipment, physical distancing, and proper hygiene, to help limit the spread of virus, the methods used in the crafting of SAP were recalibrated. From its original plan to conduct face to face focused group discussions (FGDs) and Key informant Interviews (KII), data gathering was coursed through electronic mail (e-mail) exchanges and virtual meetings as an alternative. The original timeline of data gathering was moved from April to September 2020. The submission also experienced delays in submission of responses due to preemptive lockdowns and alternative work arrangements in participating agencies.

As an adjusted measure, questionnaires were sent out through e-mails (alternative to face-to-face interviews) to partner agencies – DOTr, and its attached agencies: Land Transportation Office (LTO) and Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB). Upon acknowledgement of receipt, the researcher conducted phone calls to the agencies’ representative/s to validate if the correct questionnaires were received. In the same manner, the responding officer/s were guided on the interpretation of questions. Should they find difficulty, the respondents were assisted through different communication platforms – e-mails, phone calls, and various messaging platforms. In addition, virtual meetings were conducted on August 27, September 15, October 8, October 15, and December 17, 2020, respectively (alternative to face-to-face FGDs). The responses collected shall serve as the primary data.

On the other hand, the researcher conducted document review on existing laws and issuances through Executive Orders (EO), National Economic Development Authority (NEDA) Board Resolutions, DOTr Department Orders (DO) and Memorandum Circulars (MC) related to the promotion of low carbon urban transport system in the Philippines. The document review shall serve as the secondary data useful in analyzing the responses gathered and examine an alternative perspective.

Generally, qualitative data analysis (QDA) was used to interpret responses gathered in virtual meetings (alternative to face-to-face FGDs) and email exchange questionnaires (alternative to face-to-face interviews). To come up with the SAP, qualitative content analysis was used as a QDA method. In this method, patterns within content (words, phrases, or images) of responses from both primary and secondary data were evaluated. The responses to identified questions in the questionnaire were re-grouped, summarized into categories and themes.